chapter  1
9 Pages

Introduction

ByRhonda Phillips, Sherma Roberts

The intersection of community development and tourism planning is a fascinating one which tourism and other scholars have over time sought to interrogate. Within the context of transformations in governance structures, strident demands from civil society for equity and fairness, the growth of international tourism, and the ubiquity of social media, among other noticeable trends, the need to explore this interplay between tourism development planning and communities become even more urgent. Noticeably, is that this explorative and discursive conversation has now been expanded to include cities or urban spaces rather than the traditional focus on peripheral jurisdictions and developing countries. This collection of nine chapters adds to the conversation by providing unique insights into the role tourism plays in community well-being and development across a range of differently constituted communities as well as demonstrates how community development approaches can enhance the tourism planning process. The tensions involved in what is largely considered to be power-sharing exercise have been also considered by many authors in this volume. Traditionally regarded as a development strategy by governments in both developed

and developing countries, approaches to tourism planning have typically focused on economic dimensions with decisions about tourism investments, policies and venues driven by these economic considerations. More recently, the conversation has shifted to include other aspects-social and environmental-to better reflect sustainable tourism development concepts. Perhaps most importantly is the richer focus on the inclusion of citizens, residents, or “stakeholders.” This is an essential ingredient of community development and the inclusionary, participatory approach brings the two fields even closer together. It reflects the ideas of building on strengths in communities, and enhancing social and environmental issues.