ABSTRACT Within a critical globalization theory framework, this article analyses the military
dimension of the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America-Peoples’ Trade
Agreement (ALBA-TCP) and its agenda of ‘peacekeeping’ and ‘humanitarian intervention’ in
Haiti. Since its launch in 2004, the ALBA-TCP has established itself as an increasingly
institutionalized, multidimensional, and pluriscalar counter-hegemonic Latin American and
Caribbean (LAC) regionalism and globalization project. Integral to the pursued
transformation of world order is the launching of a counter-hegemonic military agenda.
Grounded in the Bolivarian philosophy of regional union, the article explores the ALBA-TCP
collective defence policies, institutionalized in the Permanent Committee of Sovereignty and
Defence, and the ALBA-TCP-Haiti cooperation before and after the earthquake of January
2010. By interrogating the nature of the military alliance and its humanitarian agenda, I
propose that the ALBA-TCP’s revolutionary approach to internationalism, peacekeeping, and
intervention may be understood as employing an ‘enlarged conception’ of humanitarianism
that means neither militarized humanitarianism nor humanitarian assistance as isolated,
short-term technical disaster relief, but as long-term emancipatory structural transformation.
Military alliance, however, is necessary to defend the project against imperialist aggression.