chapter  9
Bolivarian Globalization? The New Left’s Struggle in Latin America and the Caribbean to Negotiate a Revolutionary Approach to Humanitarian Militarism and International Intervention
ByThomas Muhr
Pages 16

ABSTRACT Within a critical globalization theory framework, this article analyses the military

dimension of the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America-Peoples’ Trade

Agreement (ALBA-TCP) and its agenda of ‘peacekeeping’ and ‘humanitarian intervention’ in

Haiti. Since its launch in 2004, the ALBA-TCP has established itself as an increasingly

institutionalized, multidimensional, and pluriscalar counter-hegemonic Latin American and

Caribbean (LAC) regionalism and globalization project. Integral to the pursued

transformation of world order is the launching of a counter-hegemonic military agenda.

Grounded in the Bolivarian philosophy of regional union, the article explores the ALBA-TCP

collective defence policies, institutionalized in the Permanent Committee of Sovereignty and

Defence, and the ALBA-TCP-Haiti cooperation before and after the earthquake of January

2010. By interrogating the nature of the military alliance and its humanitarian agenda, I

propose that the ALBA-TCP’s revolutionary approach to internationalism, peacekeeping, and

intervention may be understood as employing an ‘enlarged conception’ of humanitarianism

that means neither militarized humanitarianism nor humanitarian assistance as isolated,

short-term technical disaster relief, but as long-term emancipatory structural transformation.

Military alliance, however, is necessary to defend the project against imperialist aggression.