chapter  10
The EU’s Performance with and within NATO: Assessing Objectives, Outcomes and Organisational Practices
WithNina Græger Kristin M. Haugevik
Pages 16

The European Union (EU) has come a long way in developing a security and defence policy of its own during the last decade, to the extent that most scholars and decision-makers now consider it a relevant – though still atypical – international security actor. A number of scholars have engaged in analyzing what kind of security actor the EU is (e.g. Larsen 2002; Manners 2006; Sjursen 2006), what capabilities it possesses or lacks

to act as a security actor (Rieker 2009; Shake, Block-Laine´, and Grand 1999; Toje 2010; Weis 2009; Whitman 2011), and how well it has succeeded in implementing its security tasks and peace-building efforts so far (e.g. Bjo¨rkdahl 2011; Bono and Ulriksen 2004; Gross 2009). Increasingly, this literature has also come to include studies on how the EU relates to and works with other security organisations in the international arena, both generally and with specific organisations (Howorth 2003; Jørgensen 2009b; Ojanen 2006; Ortega 2005). Recently, a small but growing literature has taken interest in how the EU works within other international institutions in which some or all of its member states are represented (de Vasconcelos 2009a; Laatikainen and Smith 2006; Lindstro¨m 2007). Adding to these efforts, this article offers an empirically grounded assessment of the EU’s performance as a security actor working with and within the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). NATO is a particularly interesting case to study as it is simultaneously a partner and an arena for the EU. The two organisations share historical roots in the post-World War II era, have developed alongside one another, and also share 21 member states.1