chapter  8
16 Pages

Decentralizing Local Governance in Thailand: Contemporary Trends and Challenges

WithM. Shamsul Haque

In recent years, there has been worldwide proliferation of practical reforms and academic debates related to the decentralization of public governance, especially in the current context characterized by the replacement of authoritarian regimes by representative democracies, emergence of neoliberal states based on minimal government intervention, and greater priorities given to non-state actors. It is estimated that since the 1980s, about “80 percent of developing countries including the transitional economies of Eastern and Central Europe are experimenting with some form of decentralization” (Work, 2002:7). These developing and transitional countries have taken initiatives to reconfigure the central-local relations in terms of decentralizing political, fiscal, and administrative responsibilities to the sub-national or local levels (Mutebi, 2004:34 JICA, 2007:8 ; World Bank, 1998:1).