chapter  4
15 Pages

The Past, Present, and Future of Decentralisation in Africa: A Comparative Case Study of Local Government Development Trajectories of Ghana and Uganda

WithNicholas Awortwi

Countries started seriously considering alternatives like decentralisation after the glaring failures of centralized planning in the 1970s. While there was no evidence that decentralisation would succeed, there were sufficient data showing that centralization had failed (World Bank, 1997, 2000; Wunsch & Oluwu, 1990). The theoretical rationale for undertaking decentralisation is that transfer of some central government (CG) authority, resources, responsibilities, and accountability to sub-national governments empowers local institutions and organizations to undertake more effective self-governance and development appropriate to local conditions (Balagun, 2000; Bardhan & Mookherjee, 2006; Oyugi, 2000).