Urban Morphology and Tourism Planning: Exploring the City Wall in Pingyao, China
The extant research on urban morphology focuses upon the study of the city as human habitat and has included a number of disciplines, such as geography, planning, and architecture (Burgers, 2000; Vance, 1990). The study of the relationship between urban morphology and tourism originated in Britain as resort morphology (Gilbert, 1949) and has commonly been utilized to describe the form and function of towns since the advent of space commercialization. Morphology posits an evolutionary cycle of the town and tracks a dynamic complexity of changes in various time periods. The growing literature on urban morphology pursues very different models ranging from static (Crang, 2000), to historical (Moudon, 1997), to integrated (Conzen, 2009; Whitehand, 1992). These studies offer an important decision-making process for regional planning and improve the existence of elements that create urban form, such as old districts, commercial streets, and development zones.