chapter  3
EU Enlargement, Migration, and Asymmetric Citizenship: Political Economy of Inequality and the Demise of the European Social Model?
WithEuropean Social Model? Branka Likic-Brboric
Pages 18

ABSTRACT This article addresses European regionalism with a focus on the viability of social

citizenship and transnational migrants’ and labour rights. These issues are explored by

addressing two interrelated formative moments: EU enlargement towards former communist

countries and the EU migration regime. The main argument is that the impact of an employer-

friendly asymmetric inclusion of the new member states (NMS) into the peripheral pattern of

accumulation within the EU has created severe limitations on the enactment of EU social

citizenship. While neoliberal restructuring in the NMS has generated a political economy of

inequality, informalization of the economy, and precarization of labour, new mobility

landscapes and the connective transformation of labour market regimes tend to undermine EU-

wide citizenship rights. Moreover, the cumulative effect of the ‘securitization’ of EU migration

regime and responses of the EU to the current financial crisis in terms of policies of economic

austerity counters the promise of transnational labour and migrants’ rights.