chapter  5
Migration, Crisis, and the Global Labour Market
WithStephen Castles
Pages 14

ABSTRACT The neoliberal ideology of economic efficiency and shared prosperity masks the

exploitation of labour on a global scale. The international mobilization of workers and their

differentiation on criteria of gender, race, ethnicity, origins, and legal status are a crucial

part of the global economic order. The neoliberal dream is dualistic: a cosmopolitan, mobile

world for elites; a world of barriers, exploitation, and security controls for the rest. How has

this dream stood up to the shock of the economic crisis? There has been some decline in new

migration and increased return home of existing migrants. But long-term economic, social,

and demographic factors make it likely that migrants will not go home, despite job-loss and

reduced income. Migrants have developed forms of collective, individual, and community

resistance that undermine top-down ‘migration management’. This could have major

consequences for the future of international migration.