chapter  11
12 Pages

Agricultural Groundwater Management in Andhra Pradesh, India: A Focus on Free Electricity Policy and its Reform

WithRajendra Kondepati

The significance of groundwater in Indian agriculture is reflected by the fact that it

accounts for 60% of irrigation requirements (Shah, 2007). Its contribution in the economy

has been estimated at 10% of India’s gross domestic product (World Bank & Government

of India, 1998). Its significance is exemplified by Repetto’s (1994) assertion that the Indian

Green Revolution in wheat is in fact a tubewell revolution rather than a wheat revolution.

Studies suggest that groundwater irrigated farms have 1.2 to three times higher output than

those of surface water (Dhawan, 1989). In this context, the promotion of groundwater

irrigation has been quite vigorous in the past few decades in India. This in turn has led to

rapid extraction of groundwater resources across the country.