Occupational therapy involvement with the homeless has begun to emerge in practice and the literature during the past decade. Drake (1992) describes occupational therapy services implemented through a fieldwork program in a center for homeless children. Barth (1995) discusses occupational therapy intervention in a community agency for the homeless. She considers roles occupational therapy can take beyond direct treatment. Marks ( 1997) suggests a consultation role for occupational therapists working with homeless agencies. Kavanagh and Fares (1995) use the Model of Human Occupation as a way to design interventions for homeless individuals. Heubner and Tryssenaar ( 1996) describe a Level I fieldwork placement that supports the transition of occupational therapy to community-based mental health service delivery. Kannenberg and Boyer ( 1997) implemented an occupational therapy program for homeless youths to address their developmental and functional deficits. These models and studies demonstrate the involvement of occupational therapists with the homeless and speak to occupational therapy's social vision (Townsend, 1993) and commitment to community living and social justice (Mitchell & Jones, 1997).