chapter  95
Facial reanimation surgery
ByDemetrius Evriviades, Nicholas White
Pages 8

THE CLINICAL PROBLEM Facial paralysis causes a highly visible deformity with profound consequences from both a functional and psychosocial standpoint.

The absence or dysfunction of facial musculature (Table 95.1) can lead to an inability to control the eye and mouth, leading to corneal exposure and chronic irritation of the eye as well as oral incompetence, producing a disfiguring asymmetry and difficulty in eating and drinking.