INTRODUCTION ‘Anatomy is to physiology as geography is to history; it describes the theatre of events’
Jean Fernel 1497-1558 France.
A sound appreciation of the intricate anatomy of the neck is essential for any surgeon embarking upon operations in the neck. This chapter provides a detailed and clinically focused synopsis of neck anatomy; covering developmental anatomy, surface anatomy and the triangles of the neck, fascial layers, neck musculature and deep neck spaces, as well as the important structures encountered within in the neck such as major blood vessels, lymphatics and important cranial and cervical nerves. Details of the viscera of the neck, such as the larynx, pharynx, oesophagus, trachea, thyroid, parathyroid and salivary glands are discussed elsewhere.