chapter  6
28 Pages

The political economy of U.S.–Africa security relations

ByJOHN MUKUM MBAKU

As the first decade of the new millennium comes to a close, Africa remains the poorest region of the world despite its huge endowments of human and natural resources.1 Of the 24 least developed countries in the world in 2007 or those that the United Nations Development Program calls “low human development” countries, 22 or 92% of them were found in Africa.2 Why have most of the countries in Africa, especially those in Sub-Saharan Africa, failed to make any significant improvements in the living standards of their citizens during most of the post-independence period? The evidence points to extremely poor economic performance.3 In fact, only a few African countries have been able to achieve sustained economic growth during the last 50 years.4