chapter  2
From protection to disaster resilience Mark Duffi eld
Pages 12

This chapter explores the rise of disaster resilience. It charts how our understanding of disaster has shifted from modernist concerns to protect from external disaster events to present-day attempts to modulate internal social and economic processes that strengthen the resilience of aff ected populations. It is argued that resilience, refl ecting its conversation with neoliberalism, has a double-truth structure. While disaster resilience advocates that aid benefi ciaries should embrace future uncertainty, international aid managers are reducing their own exposure by retreating into gated aid-complexes. Where resilience is applied to international aid workers, rather than embrace risk, it focuses on narcissistic and subjective forms of care-of-the-self. Such psycho-social concerns are now an essential characteristic of the inner life of the bunker. In overcoming the growing distance between aid managers and the societies in which they work, various forms of remote management have emerged. The chapter concludes by suggesting the rise of cyber-humanitarianism, while widely seen as a solution to the crisis of ground-truth, has all the potential to deepen it.