On 29 May 2013, a suicide bomber attacked the offi ce compound of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in Jalalabad, Afghanistan. The bomber exploded the device at the entrance to the compound, killing an unarmed ICRC guard and injuring three additional staff members. The bombing marked the fi rst targeted attack on ICRC offi ces in the country, even though ICRC delegates have died or been kidnapped in the line of duty since the organization fi rst established its offi ce in Kabul in 1987.1 In response, the ICRC temporarily evacuated non-Afghan staff members and closed its Jalalabad offi ce. Despite the attack, it continued its physical rehabilitation activities in Jalalabad and did not suspend its operations elsewhere in Afghanistan (ICRC 2013b; Azam 2013). Nevertheless, according to the ICRC head of operations for South Asia, the attack forced the ICRC to scale back its activities, causing ‘an adverse eff ect on the quality and quantity of some of our services’ (ICRC 2013c).