chapter  8
14 Pages

Applying the lessons of Indian vernacular architecture: the bungalow

ByKimberly Kramer

The first British citizens in India were merchants rather than settlers. Until the mideighteenth century, most Britons spent a brief career in India living in the East India Company’s fortified ‘factories’ on the edges of the country. These factories were in an urban setting, either inside newly constructed forts, for security purposes, or in converted native buildings (Figure 8.1). They were fortified compounds containing accommodations, offices and storehouses, which have been described as ‘the commercial counterpart of a University college’, where ‘even the chiefs were rarely accompanied by their wives, and the others were not expected to marry . . . Meals were taken in common . . . there were daily prayers, and the gates were closed at stated hours’ (Roberts, 1952).