chapter  1
18 Pages

Control By Any Other Name: Definitions, Concepts, and Processes

The importance of perceived self-efficacy in human agency is underscored by the work of Bandura and his associates (Bandura, 1977; Bandura, Adams, Hardy, & Howells, 1980). Bandura has argued that, among the different mechanisms of personal agency, none is more pervasive than people's beliefs in their capabilities to exercise control over their own motivations and behaviors and over environmental demands. Selfefficacy depends on the individual's belief that he or she can cause an intended event to occur and can organize and carry out the courses of behavior necessary to deal with various situations.