chapter  2
40 Pages

Individualism and the Historical and Social-Structural Determinants of People's Concerns Over Self-Directedness and Efficacy

ByCarmi Schooler

As we see later, I have reservations about some of the specifics of Meyer's view. Nevertheless, I think it is clear that the varied cultural, social-structural, and institutional processes brought about by different historical circumstances lead to differences in the emphases placed on the importance of self-direction and efficacy for the individual. Furthermore, such differences in emphasis may exist not only between cultures, but may also exist within societies, particularly those that are not homogenous socially or culturally .