chapter  4
52 Pages

Development of Control-Related Beliefs, Goals, and Styles in Childhood and Adolescence: A Clinical Perspective

For the purposes of this chapter, we define control as causing an intended event. Working from this definition, if we are to judge an individual's capacity for control we must gauge that individual's capacity to cause an event consistent with his or her intentions. This seemingly simple definition is designed to be at least roughly compatible with the perspectives of the Max Planck group (Skinner & Chapman, 1983), self-efficacy theory (Bandura, 1982), and the reformulated version of learned helplessness theory (Abramson, Seligman, & Teasdale, 1978).