chapter  9
34 Pages

Future Orientation and Achievement Motivation: Toward a Theory of Personality Functioning and Change

WithJoel O. Raynor

The basic strategy for this program has been to: (1) specify and then assess and/or experimentally induce the cognitive structure of the individual that provides a representation of the future/present/past consequences of immediate activity; (2) indicate how this cognitive structure is expected to interact with previously specified and assessed individual differences in relatively stable motive dispositions of the individual; (3) use some behavioral measure of choice, intensity, or persistence of immediate action, or some selfreport measure of interest, affect, or involvement, as a measure of the resultant amount of motivation aroused by the interaction between motives and cognitive structure; (4) extend, modify, or delete theoretical assumptions when they are consistently at odds with the data; and, finally, (5) add new assumptions to theory when either data or logical analysis suggest that present theory is inadequate to account for some behavior or phenomenological data or problem.