Sustainable design: concepts, methods and practices
The concept of sustainable development has undergone huge transformations since its fi rst defi nition by the World Commission on Environment and Development (also known as the Brundtland Commission) as: ‘development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs’ (1987: 46). Since then, sustainable development has required a continually revised understanding of many issues, while missing knowledge has to be identifi ed and innovation must take place when new challenges emerge. In industrial design, sustainable development is strongly coupled with the terms ‘sustainable consumption and production’ which were introduced by the 2002 Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development:
Fundamental changes in the way societies produce and consume are indispensable for achieving global sustainable development. All countries should promote sustainable consumption and production patterns, with the developed countries taking the lead and with all countries benefi ting from the process . . . Governments, relevant international organizations, the private sector and all major groups should play an active role in changing unsustainable consumption and production patterns.