The most interesting of these texts come from the Sumerian civilization, the development of which, starting from very ancient imprecise origins, lasts to about the end of 2100 B.c. The period more correctly called Babylonian starts with the reign of Hammurabi about 1800 B.c. and ends with the conquest by the Assyrians. Their capital Nineveh fell in 606 B.c., and
Babylonian power arose again through Nebuchadnezzar. In 528 B.c. Mesopotamia became a province of the Persian Empire, and in its tum was conquered by Alexander the Great (330 B.c.). Mter this conquest the oriental and Greek civilizations each influenced one another (3).