chapter  14
When Push Comes to Shove: The Framing of Need in Disaster Relief Efforts
ByTRICIA WACHTENDORF, SAMANTHA PENTA, MARY M. NELAN
Pages 18

In late October 2012, Halloween was fast approaching, and families across the United States were busy stocking up on candy. At the same time, families along the Mid-Atlantic coast were making other preparations. Reports of a massive weather system were emerging: “Frankenstorm”, the media christened it. By Halloween night, when Hurricane Sandy had passed, several Caribbean islands, multiple American states, and a few Canadian provinces were affected. New York and New Jersey took the brunt of the U.S. damage, which estimates placed at tens of billions of dollars. Estimates to repair the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel alone totaled approximately $700 million (cf. New York Times 2012). People died in flooded homes, in flooded streets, and through the impact of downed power lines and trees. Millions of people in Mid-Atlantic communities were left without power for extended periods.