Shanghai’s urban villages: migrants, temporary residence and urban redevelopment
According to the 2010 population census data, the population of China has reached 1.37 billion, among which the urban population accounts for 660 million, taking up 49.68 per cent (National Bureau of Statistics of China 2011 ). Compared with the data from the 2000 population census, the urban population has risen 13.36 per cent. The urban labour force transfer and rapid economic growth have encouraged migration. The number of migrants has reached 221 million, 100 million more than in 2000, rising by 82.89 per cent. In this huge migrant group, most are rural migrant workers from the countryside and the suburbs. They live in the city and form special settlements and landscapes (Zhou and Cai 2008 ). The urban village ( Chengzhongcun in Chinese), which is also called ‘villages-in-the-city’, is emerging as a distinct kind of settlement, catching wide attention among local and international scholars (Chung 2010 ).