chapter  4
69 Pages

Ethiopia

ByNZINGA H. BROUSSARD, JOHN PAGE

Ethiopia has enjoyed more than 15 years of sustained economic growth. Per capita income is rising steadily, and it has been famously singled out by The Economist as one of the best-performing economies in Africa (Economist, 2012). Between 2005 and 2010 the economy grew on average by 11 per cent. Yet there are signs that this growth has not resulted in robust growth of ‘good’ jobs-those offering higher wages and better working conditions-especially for the young. Youth employment presents a particular challenge to Ethiopia; the country faces growing landlessness among the young in rural areas and slow rural job creation, leading to increasing pressures for migration to urban areas (World Bank, 2007).2