Autonomy represents an inner endorsement of one’s actions-the sense that one’s actions emanate from oneself and are one’s own (Deci & Ryan, 2000). Autonomy pertains to striving toward the development and realization of personal goals, values, and interests (Assor, Kaplan, & Roth, 2002). Autonomy extends beyond having decisional freedoms to self-awareness, knowing what one’s dreams and aims are, and acting on those dreams and aims. This chapter’s central argument is that autonomy can be a guiding aim in entrepreneurship education. There are three purposes to this chapter: fi rst, to present a vision of entrepreneurship education that has the student’s capacity for autonomous action as its ultimate aim; second, to convince the reader of the timeliness and relevance of such an approach; and fi nally, to outline how this can be implemented. It starts out by presenting several arguments to support the view that student autonomy can be an ultimate aim of entrepreneurship education.