UNIVERSITIES AS POLITICAL SYSTEMS
The first question to be answered is this: in what way, if any, is it legitimate to regard universities as having a system of government and other political characteristics? To some people, for example Professor D. D. Raphael\ it is 'absurd' to talk of politics outside the activities of the State except in a purely metaphorical sense. To others, of whom David Easton2 may be cited as an example, the internal affairs of a university would constitute, at best, a 'parapolitical system'. Partly for these reasons perhaps, in the United States (where alone there is much literature on the subject) it is customary to talk not so much about university government, as of university 'govemance'3• We do not wish to labour this point, but some explanation of our terminology is probably called for if only to explain the scope and purpose of the present discussion.