chapter  1
Challenging the ‘myth of silence’: postwar responses to the destruction of European Jewry
ByDavid Cesarani
Pages 24

Jews began documenting Nazi policies of racial persecution and the destruction of their communities in Europe even while these horrors were occurring. This was not simply a passive reaction, chronicling their fate as it was played out. Acting individually and collectively they also made Herculean efforts to disseminate the information or at least to preserve it for a time when it could be used. The work of the Oyneg Shabes group in Warsaw is the most famous example. Tragically, as Samuel Kassow observes, Oyneg Shabes ‘had more luck in saving documents than in saving people’.1