Raising Grandchildren as an Expression of Native Hawaiian Cultural Values
The research and clinical literature contains very little information about Native Hawaiian GRG, particularly recommendations for fostering resilience. Some information relevant to fostering resilience in GRG may be drawn from a small body of work in the public health literature, which focuses on ku¯puna, or Native Hawaiian older adults in general. This work suggests that they are often reluctant to seek assistance from outsiders because their experiences have been tempered by cultural trauma (Browne, Mokuau, & Braun, 2009) and misunderstandings based on stereotyped notions about their way of life (Imada, 2004; Kaomea, 2004). However, when assistance is provided in a sensitive manner, they beneﬁt from value-based interventions emphasizing the positive attributes of Native Hawaiian culture (Browne, Mokuau, & Braun, 1998; Mokuau, 2011). The notion that cultural values are important sources of resilience may be especially relevant to Native Hawaiian GRG due to the traditional role of grandparents as caretakers of children and guardians of cultural practices. This chapter draws upon information in the literature, as well as a survey of Native Hawaiian GRG, to describe these cultural values and discuss how they may serve as a source of resilience for Native Hawaiian GRG.