chapter  8
27 Pages

Racism, the school and African education in colonial Kenya

The curriculum in Kenya, as it was developed by the colonial authorities and the missionaries, was meant to reproduce the power structure established by the British administration. Overt evidence for this will be found in the official and taught curricula including programmes and courses. The aspects of the hidden curriculum which support the view of the effect of schooling as reproducing the power structure will also be explored. This will include such items as language of instruction, British attitudes towards the beliefs of the Kenyans, financial expenditures, availability of educational opportunities, participation by the Kenyans in educational decisions. One of the racist suppositions on the part of the authorities was that most Africans would quickly accept their position. It will be shown that this was not so and that there was a movement among the more politically aware Kikuyu to modify or change the education system. In this context, then, the Africans and the curriculum are viewed in an interactive context and the schools are seen as performing a 'potentially transformative' function.