chapter  12
18 Pages

Historical discourses, racist mythology and education in twentieth-century South Africa

ByPeter Kallaway

South Africa has been the archetypal racist state where class and colour coincide in a colonial and post-colonial context to define the boundaries of privilege and domination, power and dependency, affluence and poverty. The ideology embraced by the major traditions of historical scholarship in this society, and the history taught in schools during this century, are clearly a reflection of those power relations. It is therefore not surprising that South Africa provides a fascinating comparative laboratory for the exploration of racist mythology, racist ideology and racist educational practices.1 This chapter will attempt to provide a brief overview of the complexities and implications of those issues in regard to the specific area of history education in schools.