Diplomacy, International Conferences, and International Treaties
A third way Latin American states sought to protect their sovereignty and recast hemispheric relations along more liberal lines, was through international treaties and diplomacy in hemispheric conferences. Between 1889 and 1954, Latin American states participated in 10 inter-American conferences and other more specialized convocations with their northern neighbor. Initially, these meetings were convened to address such issues as closer trade and smoother political relations, and to establish frameworks for the peaceful settlement of disputes. Ultimately, they became forums in which Latin American states increasingly expressed their displeasure with unilateral U.S. intervention, and urged the negotiation of multilateral treaties that would prohibit intervention, protect their sovereignty, guarantee their political equality, and provide for mutual security.