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41 Pages

Nonviolent Challenges to American Hegemony

For reasons detailed later, in the late 1960s and early 1970s regional powers believed that geopolitical and economic trends had produced a systemic disequilibrium, and seized their opportunities to challenge U.S. hegemony and economic influence in the Western Hemisphere. Two such challenges warrant close examination: Chile’s unilateral attempt to chart an independent course toward Socialism under President Salvador Allende, and a more multilateral effort by various regional powers to slip out of America’s zone of influence. In each case, the challenge to American hegemony was nonviolent, and in each case, it would ultimately end in failure.