chapter
14 Pages

tum students-two

Emig (1971) first observed students' cursory writing process in the late 1960s with a study of eight high school students-two average and six above-average writers-from Chicago area schools. Despite their writing success, only one of these eight students regularly engaged in any kind of planning in advance of composing. Lynn, for example, spent just 3 minutes planning the essay she wrote in her first session with Emig, and a similar amount of time planning the second essay even though she was told to think about it in advance. According to Emig, the interview comment from one of these students was typical of almost all these students' attitude toward planning: 1111 start to write and just wherever I end up, I end up'" (p. 82).