chapter
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knowledge-by

Given a view of writing as a social activity, one that is dependent on the assumptions, values, and expectations of the community within which it is being performed, it is clear that rhetorical this, we mean the specific knowledge about the workings of the community that will enable the writer to function effectively within it-eanbe effectively learned only within the community in which the writing task is situated. Rhetorical knowledge is, by its nature, complex and local; rhetorical contexts appear to vary greatly across organizations (Harrison, 1987).Rhetorical constraints may even change within a single rhetorical task over time-the manager who will be reading the revised proposal tomorrow will have different expectations and assumptions than he or she did when reading the earlier draft last week. Researchers have found such a wide range of variability in the writing requirements and constraints across organizations, and even among different job categories within organizations, that making generalizations that could be used effectively in the writing classroom may not be possible.