Effective Parenting to Prevent Adverse Outcomes and Promote Child Well-Being at a Population Level
Parenting variables are implicated either directly or as exacerbating factors in a large variety of child and adolescent outcomes and societal problems, including but not limited to attention de! cit hyperactivity disorder, childhood aggression and oppositional de! ant disorder, conduct disorder and delinquency, low school readiness, school dropout, substance abuse, teen pregnancy, youth depression, and child maltreatment (Biglan, Brennan, Foster, & Holder, 2004; Collins, Maccoby, Steinberg, Hetherington, & Bornstein, 2000; Hawkins, Catalano, & Miller, 1992; Jones & Prinz, 2005; Patterson, 1982; Patterson, Reid, & Dishion, 1992). Several decades of research have produced an impressive collection of parenting and family-based interventions that can be readily applied to the promotion of positive child development and the prevention of adverse outcomes, such as mental health problems, substance abuse, academic failure, and delinquency. Much of the e ort in evidence-supported parenting and family interventions has been grounded in a comprehensive array of parenting strategies and practices associated with bene! cial child outcomes.