chapter  5
16 Pages

The Image of Science in Bulgaria and UK, 1992–2005: Does Generation Matter?


In societies of late modernity knowledge and the institutions of knowledge become of crucial importance. Unlike previous societies these no longer depend on agriculture and the manufacturing industry. In the last two decades (and more) the idea of a knowledge-based society has been promoted. Its economy is a ‘learning economy’ (Lisbon European Council, March 2000), and the entire society creates, shares and uses knowledge for the prosperity and well-being of its people (European Commission, 2000, p. 5; see also Handbook of Knowledge Society Foresight, 2002). Being the ‘leading actors of knowledge societies’ (op. cit., p. 7) people are expected to engage in a constant quest for new knowledge or, in other words, to become learning citizens (Martin, 2003).