Adult Scientifi c Literacy and Its Surveys in China since 1992
In China the issue of public scientifi c literacy has been considered an important component of the status of the nation and is valued greatly by the Chinese government. National surveys of public scientifi c literacy based on internationally adopted methodology have been performed seven times since the 1990s. Trying to fi nd approaches and strategies to enhance Chinese public scientifi c literacy is the aim of these surveys, which have shown the trends and status quo of citizens’ scientifi c literacy, provided statistical support to government and relevant departments for decision-making, and facilitated the study of the issue. As a consequence, studies on surveys of Chinese public scientifi c literacy have positively contributed to government policy-making, resulting in the promulgation and implementation of the Law of People’s Republic of China on Popularization of Science and Technology in 2002 and the Outline of The National Scheme for Scientifi c Literacy 2006-2010-2020  (hereinafter referred to as the Outline) in 2006, which have in turn promoted the development of public scientifi c literacy. National surveys of scientifi c literacy have therefore exerted profound infl uence on Chinese society.