Validating Survey Measures of Scientifi c Citizenship
The spread and growth of science and technology, including its risk and benefi ts, are main features of a globalised world. The governance challenges that accompany such dispersal have seen the deployment of mechanisms of public and stakeholder education and participation; and competent, active citizen engagement in science and technology is increasingly considered key in legitimate science governance. In this chapter, we use survey data to explore patterns of citizen competence and participation in science across Europe, and tentatively propose a typology of what we call ‘scientifi c citizenship’ based on latent class analyses. In order to assess the robustness of the results, we further qualify the fi ndings by examining contextual information for selected exemplary countries.