The Presidency of the Sixth Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
The Conference of the Parties (COP hereinafter) is the supreme body of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Agreed in May 1992 and entered into force in March 1994, the Convention sets out a framework for action to control greenhouse gas emissions. Along with the afﬁ liated Kyoto Protocol of 1997, it constitutes the basis for international action and cooperation to curb global warming, with its main objective being ‘to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system’. As Article 2 of the Convention stipulates, this objective ‘should be achieved within a time-frame sufﬁ cient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner’.