chapter  6
12 Pages

Home and Abroad in the New Millennium

Let us note that the above characterizations have been offered by scholars located in the diaspora and therefore represent their reflexivity. If, on the other hand, the analyst’s reflexivity is anchored in the Indic society and culture, then even the “transnationality” of diasporic ties and networks cannot be divorced from his/her location that may be simultaneously national, cultural and ethnic. For the typification of the “national” examples there are the Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives on the diaspora, the former being strictly “nation” oriented while the latter is more civilizational and merges with the cultural (see Khilnani 1997: 167). In this framework, unlike Oswald Spengler’s deracination of the Western civilization, culture may be seen as the motor of civilization.1