chapter  4
32 Pages

Friedrich Wilhelm Froebel (1782–1852)

The political revolutions in America (1776) and France (1789) had an impact on all aspects of life, including education, both in the countries experiencing them and elsewhere.

The traditional German schools and teaching methods did not include children below the age of seven. Learning in these schools was by rote, along with the formation of a few abstract notions. In this type of teaching, the children were expected to give back to the teachers the information in the same words that they had received. The child’s faculties often were not stimulated. This passive way of teaching inhibited children’s natural curiosity to explore and to learn.