chapter  7
20 Pages

European Settlement

Shortly after the arrival of Columbus in America, Spain, Portugal, England, and France each staked a claim to parts of the New World. For more than a century, Spain was the only European nation strong enough to exploit its claims in the Caribbean Sea and South America. By the beginning of the seventeenth century, France had established several fishing stations and fur-trading posts along the North American coast and the valley of the St. Lawrence River. Neither the Spanish nor the French settlements attracted many European settlers, and England became a major colonizing power in the New World.