chapter  12
24 Pages

Federal Government Involvement (1900–1950)

The progressive era was a big humanitarian effort to apply the promise of American life-the ideal of government by, of, and for the people-to the new urban-industrial civilization that came into being during the last part of the nineteenth century. The progressive era gave rise to all sorts of federal government activity. One result of this activity was the creation of the United States Children’s Bureau by an act of Congress early in 1912 and signed into law by President William Howard Taft in April of that year. The establishment of the Children’s Bureau was the first recognition that the national government had a responsibility to promote the welfare of all the children of the nation.2