chapter  31
Elementary Aspects of Peasant Insurgency in Colonial India (Ranajit Guha, 1922–)
Pages 6

Guha is founder and most distinguished representative of Subaltern historiography, which studies the subordination of Indian peasants to British rule during the colonial period. Subaltern studies focus on uncovering a historiography of those subordinated to the dominant power of elites both Indian and British. A more general meaning is the study of people assigned lesser status because of gender, ethnicity, religion, class, or sexual orientation. A considerable literature has accumulated that aims to turn the interpretation of Indian history in the nineteenth century upside down in favor of the subordinate Indian masses rather than the highly visible and powerful elites who governed them.