15 Pages

The Feminist Movement

This chapter discusses some of the women who are the leaders in the feminist and Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) movements. ERA came out of Congress on March 22, 1972, and went to the states with a clause setting a time limit of seven years for ratification. ERA applies only to governmental action, laws, and regulations. Their terms are vague and undefined. One of the major defects of the ERA is that it is a blank check to the U. S. Supreme Court to tell Americans what it means after it is ratified. The women's liberation movement is seeking to require sex integration of every aspect of all school systems. This would mean that there could be no more all-men's or all-women's schools or colleges. ERA proponents voted down and eliminated all clauses that would have preserved women's exemption from the military, draft, and wartime combat duty.