Learning and Teaching in the School Science Laboratory: An Analysis of Research, Theory, and Practice
Knowledge of the natural sciences is constructed to explain objects, phenomena, and their interactions in the natural world. With time, scientific ideas or concepts become connected by wider-ranging theories, and especially since the Renaissance, new knowledge and understanding has developed through continual, dynamic interaction between scientific theories, research, and experimental data. This complex interaction sometimes results in the rejection or modification of prior ideas and the development of newer ideas that link concepts together, in turn suggesting new methods, new interpretations of data, and new questions. Often, but not always, the data have come from carefully controlled studies conducted in scientists’ laboratories. This kind of interrogation of nature often brings forth information that would not have been evident simply through direct observation of the natural world.