chapter  14
12 Pages

How Language Characteristics Influence Turkish Literacy Development

Morphology Turkish, like Finnish, is an agglutinative language with many iterative loops that can technically produce words of infinite length. In the following example of an iterative loop, notice how many times the plural suffix ler/lar is used: The word tabak [plate] can be made plural, tabaklar [plates], by the addition of the suffix -lar. This can be transformed into another noun, tabaklardaki [that present on those plates], and finally pluralized again tabaklardakiler [those present on those plates]. To add another layer of complexity, morphemes can change form as a function of vowel harmony. In the previous example, one of the two different forms of the plural suffix ler/lar was used depending on the nature of the preceding vowel. This is discussed in more detail in the next section on phonology.