Word Reading in Bulgarian Children and Adults
The Bulgarian language is alphabetically codified in the Cyrillic script. The current form of the script for Bulgarian has been reached after a series of alterations throughout the past nine centuries, the most recent one being the orthographical reform in 1945, which attempted to create a more optimal phoneme-grapheme correspondence. The Bulgarian alphabet consists of 30 letters, and the Bulgarian phonological system consists of 42 phonemes (36 consonantal and 6 vowel phonemes). There is a one-to-one fit between the six vowels and six letters of the alphabet. Twenty letters represent consonantal phonemes; many of these have a soft (palatalized) and a nonsoft version. Three letters stand for the single expression of combinations of sounds, and one letter is not pronounced but serves to indicate softness in the preceding consonant.