If John Were Ivan, Would He Fail in Reading?
A typical school program for the Russian language is spread over 11 years. It focuses on the following parts: phonology, graphics of language, orthoepics and accentology (pronounciation), orthography, morphology, lexicology, phraseology, syntax, and punctuation. Phonology covers issues of phoneme-grapheme correspondence in Russian; graphics of language addresses issues of acceptability of representation of Russian letters; orthoepics and accentology address issues of norms of pronunciation of words in Russian; orthography deals with rules of spelling and word segmentation (hyphenation); morphology analyzes the structure of words and explores issues of word formation; lexicology is concerned with vocabulary structure; phraseology addresses issues of word agreement and building meaningful word chains; and syntax and punctuation are concerned with large word chains and sentences. Here I briefly review only select relevant components of studies of Russian: phonology, graphics, orthoepics and accentology, orthography, morphology, lexicology, and phraseology. These components are relevant for understanding the way difficulties arise in acquiring reading skills in Russian.